|Dấu hiệu||Cấu trúc||Ví dụ|
|No/Not + N + Trợ động từ+ V||Not a tear did she shed when the story ended in a tragedy.|
|Scarcely /Hardly/ Rarely/ Never /Little/ Seldom+ Trợ động từ + S V||
I have never seen such a beautiful girl in my life!
=> Never in my life have I seen such a beautiful girl!
Only + …
|Only once/ Only later/ Only in this way/ Only then + Trợ động từ + S V
Only after/ Only by/ + Danh từ/ Danh động từ/Mệnh đề, đảo ngữ.
Only when/ Only if + mệnh đề, đảo ngữ.
|I have met her only once.
=> Only once have I met her.
Only later did I realize my family played an important role in my life.
=> Only when I study abroad, did I realize that my family played an important role in my life.
|At no time
On no condition
Under no circumstances
For no reason
In no way
|At no time/ On no condition/ Under no circumstances/ For no reason/ In no way/No longer+ Trợ động từ + S V||He never suspected that his girlfriend was an enemy spy.
=> At no time did he suspect that his girlfriend was an enemy spy.
This button mustn’t be touched under any circumstances.
=> Under no circumstances could this button be touch.
He used to smoke 20 cigarettes a day.
=> No longer/ Any longer does he smoke 20 cigarettes a day.
|Hardly + had + S + V3/PP + when
= No sooner + had + S + V3/PP 2 + than
|Hardly had I put the receiver down when he rang back.
=No sooner had she hung the clothes out when it rained.
|So + Adj+ Trợ động từ+ S V
Such + be + N + that + clause.
|He worked so hard that he forgot his lunch.
=> So hard did he work that he forgot his lunch.
Her anger was such that she broke the vase.
=> Such was her anger that she broke the vase.
(Mãi đến khi/ Chỉ khi…)
|Not until/ Only when + mệnh đề, đảo ngữ.||I didn’t realize who he was until he came into the light.
=> Not until he came into the light, did I realize who he was.
|Neither||Neither + Trợ động từ + S V||There is neither excitement nor entertainment in this small town.
=> Neither is there excitement nor entertainment in this small town.
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